Who wouldn’t want a big and fresh hamburger? And what about a bit of French fries? It is pretty hard to resist the desire to have a portion of fast food. Especially when you are in a hurry and extremely hungry. But the constant consumption of fast food may be harmful for your health. In this fast food essay our writer discusses the negative effects of excessive consumption of fast food. The text is available totally for free.
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The Negative Effects of Too Much Fast Food
Obesity and related diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, and others have now become a worldwide problem. Among the causes of the global epidemic of obesity, the most common are insufficient physical activity, stress, and an unhealthy diet. The latter is characterized by the consumption of high-processed foods containing many fats and carbohydrates. Popular in many countries, fast food is a vivid example of such junk food. This food is inexpensive, easily accessible, and tasty, but the problem is that its frequent use has long-term negative consequences.
It is well-known that fast food is a high-calorie meal with high fat, carbohydrates, and salt content, and accordingly, with a low level of essential vitamins, microelements, and dietary fibers. This leads to a set of excess weight, nutritional deficiency, and digestive disorders. Health problems associated with being overweight and obesity cause a limitation of life activity, contribute to the development of metabolic diseases, and reduce the quality of life.
The risk of atherosclerosis and hypertension is one of the most formidable consequences of unhealthy nutrition. In the case of fast food abuse, the risk of CVD is linked with a high content of cholesterol, which can cause the formation of plaques in the vessels or atherosclerosis. This condition can lead to stroke, heart attack, and death. The American Heart Association (AHA) denotes the use of commercially prepared meals (especially fast food) in one line along with nutritional risk factors, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, and high-energy food products that promote the development of atherosclerosis and CVD (Caballero 1-5).
When consuming fast food, the body receives an excess of saturated fatty acids (FA) and too little polyunsaturated FA (PUFA). This can lead to an increase in the rigidity of cell membranes, and the dysfunction of membrane-bound enzymes and hormone receptors. Of particular importance is a deficiency of essential omega-3 PUFA, which is not synthesized in the body, and plays an important role in regulation of peripheral sensitivity to insulin, fat metabolism, immunity, inflammation, hemodynamics, and cognitive function (Clifton and Keogh 1060-1080).
In the review (Bahadoran, et al. 231-240) that included relevant epidemiological and clinical studies, adverse effects of fast food patterns on cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed. Frequent consumption of fast foods was accompanied by weight and abdominal fat gain, impaired insulin and glucose homeostasis, lipid and lipoprotein disorders, induction of systemic inflammation, and oxidative stress. Higher fast food consumption also increased the risk of developing diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and CVD.
The results of population studies and clinical observations indicate that the modern trend of the growing consumption of fast food is associated with a prevalence of weight gain, obesity, CVD, and metabolic disorders among the population. This is a global problem related to health and social services which require the close attention of specialists.
Bahadoran, Zahra, Parvin Mirmiran, and Fereidoun Azizi. “Fast Food Pattern and Cardiometabolic Disorders: A Review of Current Studies.” Health Promotion Perspectives, vol. 5, no 4, 2015, pp. 231-40.
Benjamin, Emelia J., et al. “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2018 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association.” // Circulation, vol. 137, no 23, 2018, pp. e67-e492.
Bhurosy, Trishnee, and Rajesh Jeewon. “Overweight and Obesity Epidemic in Developing Countries: A Problem with Diet, Physical Activity, or Socioeconomic Status?” Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, 2014, pp. 964236.
Caballero, Benjamin. “The Global Epidemic of Obesity: An Overview.” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 29, no 1, 2007, pp. 1–5.
Clifton, Peter M., and Jennifer B. Keogh. “A Systematic Review of the Effect of Dietary Saturated and Polyunsaturated Fat on Heart Disease.” Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 27, no 12, 2017, pp. 1060-1080.